DITCH OR CANAL: A large, long, and open system to carry stormwater from one point to another. Ditches and canals can carry a large amount of water during rain events. Because of our low flat terrain, these may have water in the bottom for a period of time (or permanently) – these are our “mountain streams”. IMG_0363

SWALE: A smaller, grassed conveyance of water, dry except when it’s raining. Usually looks like a little change in topography and not a deep trench. IMG_0366

BIO-RETENTION SYSTEM: grassy area that will hold water to infiltrate into the ground water system that will be dry within 72 hours of dry weather. IMG_0411

PIPE LINING: Pipe Lining involves installing a flexible resin impregnated pipe liner into an existing pipe, inflating it to fill the pipe space and allowing it to cure and harden, taking the shape of the existing pipe. This is a strong and thin repair to existing pipes that means we don’t have to dig it up. This is similar to a stint! OXXT1761

POINT REPAIR: A small repair in an existing pipe involving digging up a portion of the pipe to make a repair to the damaged area only.

REPLACE A PIPE: Dig up the entire pipe, from one box to the other side, and remove the old pipe. Replace it with new pipe. We will be replacing using Reinforced Concrete Pipe (RCP) where we make replacements as this pipe is stronger and lasts longer.

EASEMENT: An easement is an area of your property that has been reserved/ restricted for special use, including drainage but also utilities (power, cable), water, sewer, access. If an easement exists on your property, the area can be found on your property plat (legal map) of your property. Easements have restrictions for the both user and the property owner. The user is granted access to the easement for inspections and maintenance of the system but for the purpose only (so a sewer easement is for sewer systems only – not drainage and vice versa). The property owner has restrictions on what they can put in easements, like fences, landscaping, structures – or if they improve the easement area with landscaping or hardscaping. Items put in easements are at risk for removal if the user needs to access the easement to repair or work on their systems. Users do not have to replace these improvements (hence the risk).

RIGHT OF WAY: A right of way is an area owned by an entity, generally for a road. The right of way area is generally larger than the actual road to allow other users (like utilities). It provides a location for the road and some (permitted) utility systems so that they are not on private property (like an easement). Improvements, by property owners, in a right of way (like landscaping) are at risk for removal for any work within their boundaries. Right of way locations and widths are found on property plats and road plan or as-built documents.

RESTORATION: Restoration on construction projects involves putting a disturbed area back in a “stabilized” condition after construction is complete. Restoration and stabilization in right of ways and easements where work occurs include, replacing driveways or sections of driveways that are damaged/ cut during construction. For landscape areas sod or mulch will be used. We will not be replacing fences or other landscaping elements (including irrigation) that were located in easements. We may use seed in area to temporarily “stabilize” an area. The final restoration for grass areas will be using sod.